The World of Double Exposures

Certain film camera's had a button or allowed the user to manipulate the way film advanced in a way that allowed a single frame of film to be exposed to light twice creating a ghost image. Today, many digital cameras have settings hidden in the menu that allow the user to create a raw, digital double exposure in camera without having to use external software.

Ghost of Place

Double exposure settings may be used to create photographs similar to the one shown above. Beyond creating a ghost image effect in a photograph this technique may be used to discuss abstract topics like time, place or even death within a photograph.

Spring green Moss.

It may not appear so but, these branches aren't actually in the same frame however, they could be the lighting looks the same and they never seem to overlap and ghost an effect achieved by careful composition both branches occupy different spaces in the photograph and in reality.

Life and Death

Two different images overlap and create a forest twice as dense, a dead and live tree occupy the same space in the center representing the future and past. Life comes and goes and creates yet more life always in a slightly different position and never quite the same as what came before.


Two very different scenes overlap, one of the forest floor and another of the tree's that live, occupy and die in the same space. Everything falls to the forest floor and provides the very necessities of life that allow the Red Cedar, Western Hemlock and Douglas Fur trees to grow so tall.

I Walked

I walked is a series of photographs taken during late November highlighting the beauty and the unpredictable nature of weather in the coastal rain forests in British Columbia. The simple names of the series describe what I did as I was taking the photographs. I poke fun at the grandiose or descriptive names sometimes given to landscape photographs by choosing descriptive names such as "I looked right".

The dark 'moodiness' of this series is intentional, these photographs use compositions, lighting and environmental factors such as fog to convey a brooding and contemplative mood.
I don't recommend using tripods for day-lit, cluttered environments such as the forest such equipment can be burdensome to carry, ruin the spontaneity, creativity and may affect your composition. Don't simply focus on the act of taking a photograph when venturing out on a hike. Enjoy the sights, sounds and experience of being in the wilderness only then can you capture something worthwhile.

PX3 Prix de la Photographie Paris - Silver

I entered a series of photographs I took in November 2016 that I call Six into PX3 in 2017, then just like in the case of my entry into the International Photo Awards One Shot 2016 promptly forgot. However, unlike in the case of the IPA One Shot Challenge I remembered to enter my series into the proper category, non professional, because I don't earn the majority of my income from my photography related pursuits. Remember, an amateur is defined as somebody who undertakes a given pursuit for the sake of personal fulfillment and enjoyment rather than economic considerations.

           I was delighted to discover recently that I had won silver in the nature - tree's category due to series being restricted to five images at PX3 I reduced my series to the following photographs. I described my series as follows: A carefully timed series of photographs taken during November 2016; all within 30 minutes of each other. This series exemplifies the transitional nature of the fall as well as the unpredictable weather of British Columbia's wilderness as sunlight swiftly changes to shifting fog.

November Mist

Narrow Columns

Hidden Ways

The Shortcut

The Great Beast

           Although, I consider Six a individual series of images its nonetheless part of a larger ongoing body of work. Each image in was intended to portray its own message and the entire project something else entirely.

           Its a fun post to be able to make. I'll include links below to PX3 2017. Your probably wondering what you actually get for winning silver in PX3 I received a certificate, press release and marketing logo stating I've won silver in a juried photography award.

To view my entry click here.


All of the winning photographs and photographers for PX3 2017.

My Original Post Discussing Six

Fog, Cloud and Mountains

Fog blowing along mountain ridge lines in valleys creates a striking vista. Rather than merely obscure; the fog and billowing clouds highlight beautiful alpine features, from ragged tree lines along the peaks of low mountains, to seemingly near vertical forests inaccessible on steep slopes.


           Views such as that above come during the rains in mid to late fall and throughout spring in British Columbia reminding me of the humidity and delicate smell of fresh rainfall on a cool spring day. Interestingly, if you search enough you'll find theirs a word for almost anything including fresh rainfall which is petrichor originally coined by two Australian researchers. Here's a link to petrichor's definition by Merriam Webster. As discussed in Merriam Webster's definition of petrichlor, its incredible to find a single word that precisely describes something everyone around the world experiences yet struggles to describe in a sentence let alone one word.

Valley Sides

           Its interesting, revisiting many of these relatively older photos from early 2016 a year later in the spring of 2017; while revisiting photographs I find I remember nearly all of the circumstances that lead to the taking of the picture from the weather, it was lightly raining, to the numbness of my fingers as I pressed the button releasing the shutter in the cold January air.

Cloudy Shores

           Step forward one year here's a similar photograph to the previous taken within 5 kilometers of it overlooking Pitt Lake, a regional park near Pitt Meadows in Metropolitan Vancouver. In this instance rather than capturing the smaller details of the scene; those of fog blowing along the mountain sides, I elected to capture the landscape as a whole. Interestingly, the lighting and clouds are remarkably similar to those of the previous photo despite being taken a year and 2 months later in March. Observing the  mountainsides of the scene above notice the trails of low passing clouds these and how they interacted with the ridges and mountain sides were the subjects of my photographs in 2016.

           Its a shame that in 2007 The Mountainside Trail offering stunning viewpoints overlooking Pitt Lake and the surrounding countryside was permanently closed due a landslide damaging the trail. The Mountainside Trail without a doubt would prove a popular attraction in 2017 by offering views of Pitt Lake. If you travel along the Pitt Lake trail and observe the mountain sides carefully you can still spot large intact sections of chain-link fence along the former trail in addition to several intact wooden viewpoints still overlooking Pitt Lake and Pitt Addington Marsh from the mountain sides.

West Coast Look

           Finishing off the article with a bit of a red herring here's my most recent photograph to appear in Flickr's explore. Its different, taken at a different time of day and I had a different theme and idea in mind - more emotional and expressive. Its important to grow creatively always try to head somewhere down a different path, explore new ideas and techniques to improve as an artist, photographer and individual.

Here's a link to my full Flickr album full of photographs of fog, cloud and mountains. 

Fog, Clouds and Mountains

Film Photography - Canon AE-1 and Kiev 4

I still occasionally shoot film, mostly black and white films such as Ilford HP5 plus and Ilford Delta 100. Here's a few of my favorite film photographs freshly developed and scanned this week. I'll include a detailed description and additional information the on the camera and settings used below each photograph.
Under Construction
           This is a piece of construction equipment, specifically used for laying pipes and other underground utilities. It was laying on the sidewalk near a lawn and looked rather interesting inside, the cables in the center of the frame are used to lift this massive piece of steel into a newly dug hole, reinforcing the sides and preventing the walls from collapsing onto the construction workers inside.

           I took this photograph using my trusty but erratic Kiev 4 a rangefinder camera that's origins lay in the former Soviet Union. The Kiev 4 is a licensed copy of the Contax III a pre-war German rangefinder camera the design, manufacturing equipment and even engineers were transferred to the Soviet Union at the end of the second world war as reparations. The Soviets transferred the entire Contax III assembly line to the Kiev Arsenal in which the camera now known as the Kiev 4 would be produced until the late 1980's.

Crumbling Foundations
           Here's another shot from my Kiev 4, this time of the foundations of the West Lawn building at the former Riverview Psychiatric hospital. This is an endangered heritage building constructed over a hundred years ago from reinforced concrete interestingly, this is one of the earliest examples of this method of construction in British Columbia. The West Lawn building has become the subject of some controversy given its intangible hertige value, troubled past as an asylum and the high estimated cost of repairing the long neglected structure, left without heat or power since 1983.

          Unfortunately, I haven't recorded the precise shutter speeds and aperture settings used to take these photographs on paper so, memory will have to serve. Both of these photographs were taken at f/8 with a shutter speed of 1/125 second if I remember correctly.

           The controls inside the cabin of a bulldozer left in the middle of nowhere, it didn't seem unsafe and wasn't home to any spider or wasp nests so I climbed on in. This Bulldozer gave the impression that it had simply been parked and forgotten decades ago perhaps, at the end of a long forgotten construction project.

           I took both of these photographs of the interior of the bulldozer with a Canon AE-1, a famous SLR from the early 1970's that I was given by my great-grandmother after the death of my great grandfather . Despite sitting in a dry cupboard for well over a decade once I removed the flaking leather cover and cleaned up the exterior I found the Canon to be in perfect working condition; even the red flashing indicator of the cameras self timer works perfectly blinking a cheerful bright red.

Control Panel
           Here's a closeup of the Bulldozers instrument panel, I was able to move the steering wheel out of the way and fit my 1970's era Bushnell Automatic 28mm lens - from my great-grandfathers kit into the gap getting a fascinating close-up of the myriad of gauges, buttons and indicators. Due to the dim lighting of the interior of the bulldozer I used a fairly wide apeture of f/4 with a shutter speed somewhere around 1/60 of a second.

          All of these photographs were shot on 35mm Ilford HP5 Plus black and white film which I developed myself in a Paterson Two reel development tank using Ilford Ilfosol3 developer, Ilfostop stopbath solution and Ilford rapid fixer. I haven't used hypoclearing agent or photo flo as after treatments electing to rinse my film two to three extra times instead, will my negatives last as long as if I had elected to purchase hypo clearing agent...time will tell.


I have an entire album of photographs on Flickr comprised of interesting one off's. What differentiates these photographs  is their mystery and distinctiveness, every image tells a story and some stories remain pure mystery while others luckily have answers.


           I found this miniature scene while walking through the University of British Columbia's Malcolm Knapp Research Forest; if your interested in learning more about UBC's forest follow the hyperlink to its website. Somebody had placed what appeared to be wedding cake ornaments on various sites along a short but scenic trail, perhaps as part of a wedding photo-op. Mysteriously, these ornaments had been simply been forgotten, left behind after they were used in the photo-op or placed along the path for a reason we'll likely never find out.


           Some time ago it became trendy to mount old manual lenses built for the SLR's of the past on modern DSLR camera's. Many of the individuals who mount these old lenses use Mirrorless camera's with and adapters to use these lenses many of which rely on the old 'Universal' M42 lens mount system. However, not all modern camera's need adapters to mount 30 year old lenses for example, the Pentax K or PK mount has been in use since 1975 and was intended as a new 'Universal' lens mount standard, as a result, a huge variety of older manual lenses are compatible with modern Pentax digital camera's requiring no adapter.

           A popular M42 lens to mount is the Helios 44M a 58mm prime known for its distinctive depth of field. Interestingly, a Pentax K mount version of this lens was also manufactured, having a Pentax myself I decided to jump onto the 'vintage lens bandwagon' and try the Helios 44K the photo above was the result.


           This is a very distinct image, I found a field comprised of various posts some pointed some round and dull such as the wooden post above. The field was seemingly abandoned and strange. Why on earth would you plant row upon row of post? Like the previous 2 photographs this was taken using my surprisingly trusty Helios 44k.

           Different is a surprisingly large album to date theirs over 45 photographs and over time it will continue to grow and perhaps then I'll have 3 new personal favorites, until then I hope you enjoyed this short and hopefully entertaining and informative article.

Upcoming Article:

           I'm currently writing an article covering old lens systems such as M42 and how to adapt these to use on modern Mirrorless and DSLR camera's it should be an interesting read.

IPA One-Shot: Climate Change 2016

I entered the IPA One-Shot challenge in the fall of 2016 and promptly forgot occasionally remembering to check on the progress of the contest. Recently, after a google search of all things I found the results posted online. Despite accidentally entering my photograph of the crowds traveling up to the Athabasca Glacier in the professional category,  I received an honorable mention. Here's the Photograph below taken at the foot of the Athabasca Glacier in Jasper National Park.

Athabasca Glacier Crowds
Athabasca Glacier Crowds

           The equipment used in the taking of this photograph included one of my favorite 'accessories' a CPL or Circular Linear Polarizing filter. A CPL filters effectiveness, depends literally on the direction your facing in relation to the sun. A CPL filter can visibly darken bright sky's giving clouds additional definition. Its best to use a CPL filter facing away from the sun at right angles, however, one should be wary using such a filter because it can also introduce a dark band across the sky potentially ruining an image.

          If you've visited the Athabasca Glacier I'm sure you've noticed the signs marking the foot of the glacier and noticed its been receding by an average of 5 meters or 16 feet per year. At its current rate of shrinkage the Athabasca Glacier will disappear entirely in a generation.

Here's a few articles on the Athabasca Glacier:
Athabasca Glacier could disappear within generation, says manager - CBC

Rocky Mountains could lose 90 per cent of glaciers by 2100

IPA Winners and Honorable Mentions: One-Shot: Climate Change

Winners and Honorable Mentions

My Photograph on the IPA Website